Corporate Social Responsibility in India


The full form of CSR is Corporate Social Responsibility. In simple words, it is a law in India for corporates to participate in activities that help upliftment of society or the needy in society.

Corporate Social Responsibility has become mandatory through the provisions under Section 135 of the Companies Act, 2013. Even some companies were actively participating in CSR activities way before it became the law in the country.

But all companies registered in India do not come under CSR, small-sized companies with very limited earnings are not obliged to spend on CSR.

Any private or public company qualifies for CSR with either of the below-mentioned points:

  • Company with a net worth of Rs. 500 crores or more
  • A company with a turnover of Rs. 1,000 crores or more
  • If the company’s net profit is Rs. 5 crores or more during any financial year
  • The companies who qualify for CSR have to spend a minimum of 2% of the average net profits made during the 3 immediately preceding financial years.

Providing safe drinking water, training to promote rural sports, nationally recognized sports, the establishment of public libraries or the establishment of orphanages and hostels are a few of the activities the companies can choose to be compliant with CSR.

Here is the list of top companies

Company nameCSR spending in FY2021-22 (INR)
Reliance Industries Limited1186 crores
HDFC Bank Limited736.01 crores
Tata Consultancy Services Limited727 crores
Coal India Limited548.98 crores
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC)472.292 crores
Tata Steel Limited405.97 crores
NTPC Limited356.72 Crores
ITC Limited351.13 crores
Infosys Limited344.91 crores
Power Grid Corporation of India271.13 crores
ICICI Bank Limited266.62 crores
Wipro Ltd.221.6 crores
HCL Technologies Ltd.216.33 crores
GAIL (India) Ltd204.97 crores
State Bank of India204.10 crores
JSW Steel200.34 crores
Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited194.03 crores
Hindustan Zinc Limited173.38 crores
Hindustan Unilever Limited157.58 crores
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited137.78 crores
Larsen & Toubro Ltd.135.68 crores
Axis Bank Ltd.113.37 crores
Maruti Suzuki India Ltd.100. 7 crores
Bajaj Finance Limited60.01 crores


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